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Sex Ratio in India – About Census 2011

In India, the sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 males. The sex ratio is a valuable source to find out the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to men in India. In the 2011 population census, it was revealed that the population ratio in India is 940 females per 1000 males. The sex ratio shows an upward trend from Census 2001 data in 2011. The 2001 census showed that there were 933 females against 1000 males. For decades, the sex ratio in India has seen a decrease in 2011, but there has been a slight increase in the sex ratio for the last two decades. For the last five decades, the sex ratio has increased from about 930 females to 1000 males.

भारत में लिंगानुपात का उपयोग प्रति 1000 पुरुषों पर महिलाओं की संख्या का वर्णन करने के लिए किया जाता है। भारत में महिलाओं की जनसंख्या का पता लगाने के लिए लिंग अनुपात एक मूल्यवान स्रोत है और भारत में पुरुषों की तुलना में महिलाओं का अनुपात क्या है। 2011 की जनसंख्या जनगणना में, यह पता चला था कि भारत में जनसंख्या अनुपात प्रति 1000 पुरुषों पर 940 महिलाएं हैं। लिंग अनुपात 2011 में जनगणना 2001 के आंकड़ों से ऊपर की ओर रुझान दिखाई देता है। 2001 की जनगणना से पता चला है कि 1000 पुरुषों की तुलना में 933 महिलाएँ थीं। दशकों से भारत में लिंगानुपात 2011 में कमी देखी गई है, लेकिन पिछले दो दशकों से लिंगानुपात में मामूली वृद्धि हुई है। पिछले पांच दशकों से, लिंग अनुपात लगभग 930 महिलाओं से बढ़कर 1000 पुरुषों का हो गया है।

Male Female Sex Ratio in India

#StateSex RatioChild SexratioSex RatioChild Sexratio
India943919933927
1Kerala10849641058960
2Puducherry10379671001967
3Tamil Nadu996943987942
4Andhra Pradesh993939978961
5Chhattisgarh991969989975
6Meghalaya989970972973
7Manipur985930974957
8Orissa979941972953
9Mizoram976970935964
10Goa973942961938
11Karnataka973948965946
12Himachal Pradesh972909968896
13Uttarakhand963890962908
14Tripura960957948966
15Assam958962935965
16West Bengal950956934960
17Jharkhand948948941965
18Lakshadweep946911948959
19Arunachal Pradesh938972893964
20Nagaland931943900964
21Madhya Pradesh931918919932
22Maharashtra929894922913
23Rajasthan928888921909
24Gujarat919890920883
25Bihar918935919942
26Uttar Pradesh912902898916
27Punjab895846876798
28Sikkim890957875963
29Jammu and Kashmir889862892941
30Haryana879834861819
31Andaman and Nicobar Islands876968846957
32Delhi868871821868
33Chandigarh818880777845
34Dadra and Nagar Haveli774926812979
35Daman and Diu618904710926

Violent treatment received by the girl child at birth is considered to be the main reason for the decrease in the female birth ratio in India. In India, the sex ratio was almost normal during the phase of independence years, but gradually began to show signs of depletion thereafter. Although the sex ratio in India has gone through appreciable signs of improvement in the last 10 years, there are some states where the sex ratio is still low and a cause for concern for NGO organizations. One state that is showing a declining trend in the female population in 2011 and the cause of concern is Haryana. The sex ratio in India is the lowest in the state of Haryana and this figure represents 877 females per 1000 males.

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